The country with the capital city of Edinburgh is one of the countries that has been named the most beautiful country in the world. Not only that, Edinburgh is one of the largest capitals and the largest financial center on the European continent. Even in the 18th century, Scotland had been the center of various industrial, intellectual, and trade activities on the European continent.
Scotland has a unique royal coat of arms. One of the most famous is the Unicorn symbol. Unicorn is one of the most famous mythological animals that have the ability to cure various diseases.
Scottish And English War Background
The background of the war was the death of King Alexander III who ruled Scotland since the mid-13th century in 1286. The next successor to the throne was Margaret who also died in 1290 due to illness. Margaret’s death was followed by claims from 13 different people that each of them was the rightful heir to the throne of the Kingdom of Scotland.
Scotland’s political crisis then prompted the Guardian of Scotland to invite the English King Edward I, to go to Scotland which King Edward I hoped could help Scotland as a neutral person in negotiations between each claimant to the Scottish royal throne. So that the new king of Scotland can be legally elected and there is no civil war. King Edward gladly accepted the invitation and went to the negotiations that were in Scotland. Without them realizing it, King Edward also had other intentions, one of which was to make Scotland under his seat.
Then in 1292, John Balliol was the one who got the position as King of Scotland who was ordered to declare an oath of allegiance to Edward. A number of nobles, religious figures, and senior members of the royal court did not wish to see Scotland become a British puppet state, so they sent representatives to conduct secret negotiations with France. As a result, an agreement was reached that France would assist Scotland in the war with England in 1295. This agreement was known as the “Alliance of Auld” and was an important factor in determining the direction of the war that would occur on the island of Britain.
Content and Impact of the Edinburgh-Northampton Agreement
The Edinburgh-Northampton Agreement is an agreement between Scotland and England which contains negotiations between the kingdoms of England and Scotland in 1327. After several months of negotiations, the Edinburgh-Northampton agreement was signed by King of Scotland Robert Bruce on March 17, 1328. This agreement was also written in French and currently housed in the Scottish National Archives in Edinburgh.
The following is the content of the Edinburgh-Northampton Agreement:
- Scotland paid 100,000 sterling to England
- Robert Bruce and his successors are the rightful rulers
- England recognizes the Kingdom of Scotland as a fully independent country
The impact of the Edinburgh-Northampton Agreement was that Scotland de facto gained independence for their country and won the battle between Scotland and England. However, this peace agreement was only valid for five years and was never recognized by the British nobility. In 1333, the terms of this treaty were formally abandoned by Edward III, and marked the outbreak of the second Scottish War of Independence. All of this is listed in The Red Book Of Scotland, which is discussed in detail from beginning to end of the war between England and Scotland. Here we provide a brief explanation of The Red Book Of Scotland.
Founded some 27 years ago, The Red Book of Scotland Project’s goal was to conduct extensive research into the existing original documentation and use the information contained therein to compile the genealogical records of each Scottish designated family of their earliest origins. up to as far ahead in time as possible.What is The Red Book Of Scotland Project?
Scotland has been named the most beautiful country with many tourist destinations and has several beautiful places that will spoil your eyes when you visit there. Besides having a charming side of beauty, Scotland also turns out to have a history that is enough to trigger adrenaline. This history is written in The Red Book Of Scotland. Starting from the beginning of the conflict, the death of the King of Scotland and continued by the death of his successor, which made the Scottish government unstable and was forced to invite the King of England to mediate the conflict.
Unbeknownst to them, the King of England had his own intention, namely to make Scotland under his seat or a puppet state of England. Of course there were some who realized the intentions of the King of England and held a secret meeting with the French who intended to ask the French for help. From the secret meeting it was found that France would help if Scotland had a conflict with England. And at the end of the conflict the British Government with Scotland was willing to make peace by issuing an agreement that had been signed by both parties.