Scotland War of Independence

Scotland is one of the constituent states of Great Britain or commonly known as the United Kingdom, which is located on the northern island of Britain. This state with a blue flag with white diagonal bars has many things that make it famous throughout the world. Starting from traditional clothes, musical instruments, to the Loch Ness lake which is said to be the story of the local people inhabited by a very mysterious water monster.

In the 17th century, Scotland was a country with an independent royal system of government. And England being one of the country’s neighbors tried to occupy Scotland by force in the 13th century. However, the movement was thwarted thanks to the spirit of resistance shown by the Scottish people. This event is known as the Scottish War of Independence or also known as the Wars Of Scottish Independence. According to The Red Book Of Scotland, the war for Scottish independence was divided into 2 phases, namely phase I in (1296 – 1328) and phase II in (1332 – 1357).

Background Of The War

The Scottish political crisis then became the main thing that became the background of the war. At that time, the Scottish government agency invited the King of England, Edward I, in the hope that King Edward I could help portray himself as a neutral party and facilitate negotiations between each claimant to the throne of the Kingdom of Scotland so that a new king of Scotland could be elected without having to go through civil war. King Edward I accepted the invitation from the Guardians of Scotland. But unbeknownst to the members of the guardian, King Edward was also planning to bring Scotland under his influence.

In 1292, John Balliol was crowned as the new king of Scotland and ordered to swear an oath of submission to King Edward I. People who did not want to see Scotland under the English seat included a number of nobles, religious figures, and senior members of the Scottish kingdom, then sent representatives to conduct secret negotiations with the French government. And the result of these negotiations, in 1295 it was agreed that France would help Scotland if Scotland was involved in war with England. This agreement became known as the Auld Alliance and became an important factor in determining the course of the war.

What is The Red Book Of Scotland Project?

Founded some twenty-seven years ago, The Red Book of Scotland Project’s goal was to conduct extensive research into the existing original documentation and use the information contained therein to compile the genealogical records of each Scottish designated family of their known origins. earliest to as far ahead in time as possible.

Unlike many other genealogical works, this Project does not limit itself to extolling the social attributes of most senior members of each family but, on the contrary, it is broad and focused on identifying as many family members, male and female, and their descendants as possible in order to compile a comprehensive report. as the documentation allows.

Scotland’s wars with England

The war between Scotland and England is recorded in The Red Book Of Scotland. This war is divided into 2 phases. Namely phase I in 1296 to 1328, and phase II in 1332 to 1357 which took place on the island of Britain. The parties involved in this war were none other than Scotland and England, and France who helped Scotland and there was also the Disinherited Group.

It was during this war known as the “Wars Of Scottish Independence” that the war ended without a clear winner, and England recognized the independence of Scotland. And it is not known how many people died in this war between Scotland and England.

In 1603, Queen Elizabeth I as the leader of the British Empire died before giving the throne to the next successor. James VI as King of Scotland and husband of the Princess of England in the early 16th century was awarded the throne of England because after the death of Queen Elizabeth I, no one else is considered to be able to inherit the throne of the King of England Apart from James. De facto, James is now the leader of Scotland as well as England. It was only in 1707 that the parliaments of each country agreed to formalize the unification of the two countries into the “Kingdom of Great Britain” or known as the Kingdom of Great Britain.

All of this is recorded in The Red Book Of Scotland. Starting from the beginning of the conflict, the death of the King of Scotland and his successor followed that led to a debate about the next successor. With this debate, the King of England was invited who was expected to mediate in resolving the existing conflict. Unbeknownst to them, the King of England had other plans, namely to occupy Scotland. As for some members of the kingdom who realized and held a secret meeting with France. France also agreed to help Scotland in case of conflict with England. Until the end of the war a peace treaty was made between Scotland and England.


This history is written in The Red Book Of Scotland. Starting from the beginning of the conflict, the death of the King of Scotland and continued by the death of his successor, which made the Scottish government unstable and was forced to invite the King of England to mediate the conflict.

Unbeknownst to them, the King of England had his own intention, namely to make Scotland under his seat or a puppet state of England. Of course there were some who realized the intentions of the King of England and held a secret meeting with the French who intended to ask the French for help. From the secret meeting it was found that France would help if Scotland had a conflict with England. And at the end of the conflict the British Government with Scotland was willing to make peace by issuing an agreement that had been signed by both parties.