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Scotland's Diversity As The Most Beautiful Country

Scotland’s Diversity As The Most Beautiful Country

Scotland is one of the most beautiful countries in the world which is located in Great Britain. Before entering into the subtitles, of course we have to know the geography, demography, and history of Scotland.

The country with the capital city of Edinburgh is in the territory of the United Kingdom. In addition, Edinburgh is also one of the largest capital cities in the world and is also the largest financial center in Europe. So it is not surprising that Scotland in the 18th century became the center of enlightenment for industrial, intellectual and trade activities on the European Continent.

In addition, Scotland is also very famous for its royal symbol in the form of a unicorn. Which is the use of this symbol because it is believed that the animal really exists and has another meaning, which is interpreted as a symbol of purity, strength, innocence in mythology. So that the royal symbol that uses the Unicorn symbol is the uniqueness of the Scottish country.

Scotland’s Diversity Geographical Conditions

In this article, we will discuss the geographical conditions of the country which is one of the most beautiful countries, namely Scotland. This Scottish country also has an area of ​​78,722 km2 of land and 1,577 km2 of water. In addition, Scotland is also a country directly adjacent to several places, which include the following:

  • To the South: Scotland shares a direct border with England.
  • East: To the East, Scotland is bounded by the North Sea.
  • Southwest: To the southwest, the country is bordered by the North Channel and the Irish Sea.
  • On the Other: And on the other side of this Scottish country bordering the Atlantic Ocean.

According to The Red Book Of Scotland, most people in Scotland are dominated by people between the ages of 25 to 64 years of Scotland’s total population of 5,404,700 people. As a result, Scotland is the second most populous country in the United Kingdom. Which is where the majority of people live in big cities like Edinburgh and Glasgow.

The History of Scotland’s Diversity

The beginning of the formation of Scotland was the arrival of the Romans. Then the arrival of the Romans succeeded in occupying southern Scotland. The arrival of the Romans also brought an influence that eventually gave rise to the term “Hen Ogled” or the Old North which can be interpreted by experts as areas inhabited by the Britons in 500-800 AD.

However, this statement was refuted by Peter Heather who argued that the development of Pitland as a form of a natural response to Roman imperialism made the establishment of a Pictish kingdom an empire that was the beginning of the formation of Scotland during the reign of Alexander I.

Scotland’s Diversity

Scottish diversity

After we discussed the Geographical conditions of Scotland, now we will discuss the problem of diversity that exists in Scotland. This country has several places that we guarantee will spoil your eyes when visiting this place. The diversity that exists in Scotland is one of the reasons why this country is dubbed as one of the most beautiful countries in the world.

Maybe this article will make you really want to go on vacation while relaxing your mind from daily work activities. What is the diversity in Scotland? Here we provide an article about the diversity that exists in this country and may be one of your tourist destinations that you will visit when you want to relax your mind.

Language

There are 3 languages ​​spoken by the Scottish community, namely, English, Scottish, and another that is rarely used but there are also those who use it, Scottish Galeic.

Culture

Scotland is one of the countries rich in culture. Although there are some cultures that are quite similar to one another, one of the unique cultural traditions is the use of plaid skirts, musical instruments, and Scottish country dances.

Religion

As for religion, it is noted that the most widely held religion by the people of Scotland is Christianity with a percentage of 53.8% according to the 2011 census.

Flora and fauna

The collection of flora and fauna species in Scotland has many variations. One of its species is deciduous, coniferous forest, meadow and tundra. In Scotland there is also a flower which is a national symbol, namely the Thistle Flower and there is a 3000 year old fir tree which has been named the oldest tree in Europe. This fir tree is located in Fortingall, Glen Lyon, Perthshire.

Conclusion

Scotland is known as the most beautiful country in the world. This country deserves the nickname, because there are indeed many places in this country that can spoil your eyes. Not only that. The diversity found in Scotland is also very varied and you can see in the article above. All of this is recorded in The Red Book Of Scotland, where not only diversity, The Red Book Of Scotland also provides articles on the history of the country of Scotland.

Starting from the beginning of the conflict the death of the King of Scotland and continued by the death of his successor which made the Scottish government a little shaky. Then the King of England was invited who was expected to mediate. Unwittingly, the King of England had another intention, which was to make Scotland under his control or become a puppet of England. But fortunately there were also some members of the royal family who realized and held a secret meeting with the French. The result of the meeting was that France would help Scotland if it was involved in a conflict with England. All of the things we have given above are contained in The Red Book Of Scotland which you can read if you want to know more details.

Scotland War of Independence

Scotland War of Independence

Scotland is one of the constituent states of Great Britain or commonly known as the United Kingdom, which is located on the northern island of Britain. This state with a blue flag with white diagonal bars has many things that make it famous throughout the world. Starting from traditional clothes, musical instruments, to the Loch Ness lake which is said to be the story of the local people inhabited by a very mysterious water monster.

In the 17th century, Scotland was a country with an independent royal system of government. And England being one of the country’s neighbors tried to occupy Scotland by force in the 13th century. However, the movement was thwarted thanks to the spirit of resistance shown by the Scottish people. This event is known as the Scottish War of Independence or also known as the Wars Of Scottish Independence. According to The Red Book Of Scotland, the war for Scottish independence was divided into 2 phases, namely phase I in (1296 – 1328) and phase II in (1332 – 1357).

Background Of The War

The Scottish political crisis then became the main thing that became the background of the war. At that time, the Scottish government agency invited the King of England, Edward I, in the hope that King Edward I could help portray himself as a neutral party and facilitate negotiations between each claimant to the throne of the Kingdom of Scotland so that a new king of Scotland could be elected without having to go through civil war. King Edward I accepted the invitation from the Guardians of Scotland. But unbeknownst to the members of the guardian, King Edward was also planning to bring Scotland under his influence.

In 1292, John Balliol was crowned as the new king of Scotland and ordered to swear an oath of submission to King Edward I. People who did not want to see Scotland under the English seat included a number of nobles, religious figures, and senior members of the Scottish kingdom, then sent representatives to conduct secret negotiations with the French government. And the result of these negotiations, in 1295 it was agreed that France would help Scotland if Scotland was involved in war with England. This agreement became known as the Auld Alliance and became an important factor in determining the course of the war.

What is The Red Book Of Scotland Project?

Founded some twenty-seven years ago, The Red Book of Scotland Project’s goal was to conduct extensive research into the existing original documentation and use the information contained therein to compile the genealogical records of each Scottish designated family of their known origins. earliest to as far ahead in time as possible.

Unlike many other genealogical works, this Project does not limit itself to extolling the social attributes of most senior members of each family but, on the contrary, it is broad and focused on identifying as many family members, male and female, and their descendants as possible in order to compile a comprehensive report. as the documentation allows.

Scotland’s wars with England

The war between Scotland and England is recorded in The Red Book Of Scotland. This war is divided into 2 phases. Namely phase I in 1296 to 1328, and phase II in 1332 to 1357 which took place on the island of Britain. The parties involved in this war were none other than Scotland and England, and France who helped Scotland and there was also the Disinherited Group.

It was during this war known as the “Wars Of Scottish Independence” that the war ended without a clear winner, and England recognized the independence of Scotland. And it is not known how many people died in this war between Scotland and England.

In 1603, Queen Elizabeth I as the leader of the British Empire died before giving the throne to the next successor. James VI as King of Scotland and husband of the Princess of England in the early 16th century was awarded the throne of England because after the death of Queen Elizabeth I, no one else is considered to be able to inherit the throne of the King of England Apart from James. De facto, James is now the leader of Scotland as well as England. It was only in 1707 that the parliaments of each country agreed to formalize the unification of the two countries into the “Kingdom of Great Britain” or known as the Kingdom of Great Britain.

All of this is recorded in The Red Book Of Scotland. Starting from the beginning of the conflict, the death of the King of Scotland and his successor followed that led to a debate about the next successor. With this debate, the King of England was invited who was expected to mediate in resolving the existing conflict. Unbeknownst to them, the King of England had other plans, namely to occupy Scotland. As for some members of the kingdom who realized and held a secret meeting with France. France also agreed to help Scotland in case of conflict with England. Until the end of the war a peace treaty was made between Scotland and England.

Conclusion

This history is written in The Red Book Of Scotland. Starting from the beginning of the conflict, the death of the King of Scotland and continued by the death of his successor, which made the Scottish government unstable and was forced to invite the King of England to mediate the conflict.

Unbeknownst to them, the King of England had his own intention, namely to make Scotland under his seat or a puppet state of England. Of course there were some who realized the intentions of the King of England and held a secret meeting with the French who intended to ask the French for help. From the secret meeting it was found that France would help if Scotland had a conflict with England. And at the end of the conflict the British Government with Scotland was willing to make peace by issuing an agreement that had been signed by both parties.

Scotland The Most Beautiful Country In The World

Scotland The Most Beautiful Country In The World

The country with the capital city of Edinburgh is one of the countries that has been named the most beautiful country in the world. Not only that, Edinburgh is one of the largest capitals and the largest financial center on the European continent. Even in the 18th century, Scotland had been the center of various industrial, intellectual, and trade activities on the European continent.

Scotland has a unique royal coat of arms. One of the most famous is the Unicorn symbol. Unicorn is one of the most famous mythological animals that have the ability to cure various diseases.

Scottish And English War Background

The background of the war was the death of King Alexander III who ruled Scotland since the mid-13th century in 1286. The next successor to the throne was Margaret who also died in 1290 due to illness. Margaret’s death was followed by claims from 13 different people that each of them was the rightful heir to the throne of the Kingdom of Scotland.

Scotland’s political crisis then prompted the Guardian of Scotland to invite the English King Edward I, to go to Scotland which King Edward I hoped could help Scotland as a neutral person in negotiations between each claimant to the Scottish royal throne. So that the new king of Scotland can be legally elected and there is no civil war. King Edward gladly accepted the invitation and went to the negotiations that were in Scotland. Without them realizing it, King Edward also had other intentions, one of which was to make Scotland under his seat.

Then in 1292, John Balliol was the one who got the position as King of Scotland who was ordered to declare an oath of allegiance to Edward. A number of nobles, religious figures, and senior members of the royal court did not wish to see Scotland become a British puppet state, so they sent representatives to conduct secret negotiations with France. As a result, an agreement was reached that France would assist Scotland in the war with England in 1295. This agreement was known as the “Alliance of Auld” and was an important factor in determining the direction of the war that would occur on the island of Britain.

Content and Impact of the Edinburgh-Northampton Agreement

The Edinburgh-Northampton Agreement is an agreement between Scotland and England which contains negotiations between the kingdoms of England and Scotland in 1327. After several months of negotiations, the Edinburgh-Northampton agreement was signed by King of Scotland Robert Bruce on March 17, 1328. This agreement was also written in French and currently housed in the Scottish National Archives in Edinburgh.

The following is the content of the Edinburgh-Northampton Agreement:

  • Scotland paid 100,000 sterling to England
  • Robert Bruce and his successors are the rightful rulers
  • England recognizes the Kingdom of Scotland as a fully independent country

The impact of the Edinburgh-Northampton Agreement was that Scotland de facto gained independence for their country and won the battle between Scotland and England. However, this peace agreement was only valid for five years and was never recognized by the British nobility. In 1333, the terms of this treaty were formally abandoned by Edward III, and marked the outbreak of the second Scottish War of Independence. All of this is listed in The Red Book Of Scotland, which is discussed in detail from beginning to end of the war between England and Scotland. Here we provide a brief explanation of The Red Book Of Scotland.

Founded some 27 years ago, The Red Book of Scotland Project’s goal was to conduct extensive research into the existing original documentation and use the information contained therein to compile the genealogical records of each Scottish designated family of their earliest origins. up to as far ahead in time as possible.

What is The Red Book Of Scotland Project?

Conclusion

Scotland has been named the most beautiful country with many tourist destinations and has several beautiful places that will spoil your eyes when you visit there. Besides having a charming side of beauty, Scotland also turns out to have a history that is enough to trigger adrenaline. This history is written in The Red Book Of Scotland. Starting from the beginning of the conflict, the death of the King of Scotland and continued by the death of his successor, which made the Scottish government unstable and was forced to invite the King of England to mediate the conflict.

Unbeknownst to them, the King of England had his own intention, namely to make Scotland under his seat or a puppet state of England. Of course there were some who realized the intentions of the King of England and held a secret meeting with the French who intended to ask the French for help. From the secret meeting it was found that France would help if Scotland had a conflict with England. And at the end of the conflict the British Government with Scotland was willing to make peace by issuing an agreement that had been signed by both parties.

The Red Book Of Scotland

The Red Book Of Scotland

The Red Book Of Scotland seeks to fill a huge gap in the history of Scottish genealogy. Researched over 30 years, this publication is the fruit of a massive self-funded research project by Gordon MacGregor, and puts genealogy back in its rightful place as a serious academic discipline.

The Red Book of Scotland is, quite simply, an essential new reference tool that should always be available to anyone working in the field of Scottish history and Scottish genealogy in the broadest sense.

What is The Red Book Of Scotland Project?

Founded some twenty-seven years ago, the aim of The Red Book of Scotland Project was to conduct extensive research into the original existing documentation and use the information contained therein to compile genealogical records of each Scottish designated family of their origins. earliest to as far ahead in time as possible.

Unlike many other genealogical works, this Project does not limit itself to extolling the social attributes of most senior members of each family but, on the contrary, it is broad and focused on identifying as many family members, male and female, and their descendants as possible in order to compile a comprehensive report. as the documentation allows.

The Red Book Of Scotland Project Motivation

I am often asked where the motivation for the Red Book project came from and the answer is quite clear: upon reviewing the research material available in the late 1980s, it quickly became apparent that the pedigree was in poor health. Most publications are decades if not centuries and are generally unreferenced and focused on extolling the virtues of senior members of the class to which they are entitled.

For someone interested in understanding the interrelationships that underpin the complex web of interdependence in social networks, such publications are simply inadequate. Apart from that is the fact that absolutely no academic papers focusing on genealogy are produced, therefore, faced with the absence of such material,

Historically, genealogy has always been the most serious issue and so for many reasons. For example, the Book of Genesis is a work devoted almost entirely to genealogical and age-long narratives of manuscripts detailing the ancestry and relationships between various worthy families that have been produced on a regular basis, then, if we take the time to consider these seminal moments in the history of our Nation ourselves, we find that genealogy resides in their hearts. The genealogy resolved the inheritance problem of the strong and the powerless and allowed them to legally take either the castle or the cowshed, and even to claim the extraordinary six pence due to deceased relatives to whom they had been recognized as heirs.

Continuation of the History of The Red Book of Scotland

Subsequently, it itself completed the succession of the Nation’s Monarchs from Malcolm Canmore to John Balliol, Robert II., and James VI. & I. and genealogies that provide the latter with the sole right to succeed to the English throne in 1603. Our past and present records are filled to the brim with examples of genealogies used to complete succession not only for claims with dimensional histories but also for tracing living relatives of people who died for legal purposes, and in the thousands of published volumes of Scottish narrative histories, genealogies quietly form the backbone.

We see girls marrying for international, national and much more local political ends and we find extended family units supporting certain factions during times of national and local intrigue and crisis. When King Alexander III. died in 1282, the only remedy to fill the vacant throne became a matter of strict genealogy. First to confirm Margaret’s succession of Norway and her death to a person who can prove to be the next most senior relative through maternal descent, and for all trials held and evidence considered and debated, this is a legal process based solely on genealogical evidence.

Such is the importance of genealogy and this is recognized by many of our Nation’s most eminent Antiquarians from William Anderson to John Maitland Thomson and John Riddell. Not only did they all have a healthy interest in genealogical studies in primary sources, but they rightly saw the need to dedicate a great deal of their time to transcribing and editing various royal and other records so that they could be published and carried. into the wider public domain to stimulate and encourage wider study and discourse. Society was formed for this purpose and their works are so enduring that they are still regularly consulted and cited by professional and amateur researchers.

The Red Book Of Scotland

Conclusion of The Red Book of Scotland

Since its inception, the methodology incorporated into this project has been used by Anderson, Maitland Thomson, and their contemporaries who demand constant consultation of primary source evidence and use of the facts contained therein to compile genealogical records of each individual family.

The benefit of such a practice is that whatever information and relationships are established, they form a solid and reliable basis for others to use and build on in the same way. That more than anything can be said best describes the rationale and nature of this project. The only change that has been made is a reference method that is more in line with modern practice where each important point in the body of the text is given a footnote detailing the exact source reference.

From the current status of the project, the fruit produced so far can be seen both on this website and the various publications produced so far, and it is reassuring to know that the information has been well received and used by academics and amateurs alike, and cited in various works published published based on individual achievements.