As we know, Scotland is a country directly adjacent to England to the south. not only that, in the east Scotland is bordered by the East sea, as well as the Atlantic Ocean in the North and West. What is no less interesting is that Scotland has more than 790 islands apart from the mainland.
This makes Scotland have a very interesting prehistoric story to discuss. Starting from the beginning of the conflict until Scotland became an independent country free from British rule. Of course Scotland was not alone against England. All of these historical stories from Scotland are written in The Red Book Of Scotland which we will discuss again as follows.
The Beginning of Scotland’s Conflict With England
The conflict between Scotland and England BK8 Login stems from the death of the King of Scotland who was then succeeded by his successor who tragically suffered from an illness and died after 4 years of serving as King of Scotland. From the death of the new King of Scotland, people from the royal family emerged who claimed that they were the heirs to the throne or successors to the King of Scotland.
Due to ongoing conflicts, a decision was finally made to invite the King of England which was expected to help resolve the conflict that existed in the Scottish government at that time. The King of England was also asked for help to mediate in problems or conflicts of the next heir to the throne which must be resolved immediately by the Scottish government.
Then the King of England also agreed to an invitation from Scotland, and headed to Scotland. Arriving in Scotland, the King of England began to help solve the problems that existed in the Scottish government. Until the next conflict over the successor or heir to the throne of the King of Scotland, members of the royal family were not aware of it. The King of England had the intention of making Scotland a puppet of England or under the seat of the British government.
Luckily there were several members of the royal family who knew the intentions and intentions of the King of England. Royal members who knew about this also held secret negotiations with France. The secret negotiations resulted that France would help Scotland if it was involved in a conflict with England, which made Scotland sure to oppose England.
War of Scotland and England
At the beginning of the war, the British government sent new troops to Scotland with the aim of thwarting the Scottish government’s efforts at that time led by King Charles II to invade England. Hearing this, the Scottish government did not remain silent and rushed to form an army because it felt threatened by England, which mobilized its troops in 1650.
Scotland formed an army which at that time was led by David Leslie. But the Scottish troops were pushed back to Edinburgh, the Scottish troops finally chose to avoid fighting due to unfavorable circumstances for the Scottish troops.
Unexpectedly by the Scottish troops, at night on September 3 the British troops led by Cromwell launched an attack which resulted in a crushing defeat for the Scottish troops. The defeat was due to the unpreparedness of the Scottish troops with this sudden attack and made the troops who were able to escape get away from Edinburgh. Scottish troops who managed to escape the surprise attack finally withdrew to the city of Stirling. Then on July 17, 1651, English troops waged war with Scottish troops which was called the Battle of Inverkeithing. The war was won by the British who succeeded in making the troops in the city of Stirling experience difficulties in supplying provisions for the troops, as well as in terms of reinforcements. This is because the surrounding city of Stirling has been controlled by British troops.
In the end the Scottish government was dissolved and joined the British Commonwealth. Then, Cromwell, who was given the title Lord Protector, became head of state for the British Commonwealth. This problem ended with the crowning of Charles II as King of England, followed by the death of Cromwell. After 12 years of the coronation of King Charles II in Scotland, the struggle for the restoration of the Stuart kings was complete.
Conclusion of the Scotland and England wars
After you read the article above regarding the factors supporting Scotland wanting to secede from Scotland, you can conclude a number of things which are of course historical things from the State of Scotland itself. From the beginning of the Scottish conflict, the death of the Scottish king was followed by the death of his successor by an illness that caused internal conflict within the government about who would be the next successor.
In the end the Scottish government invited the King of England who was expected to help resolve the existing conflict. Unknowingly the King of England had the intention of making Scotland a puppet of England. Then the war between Scotland and the British troops which were repeatedly launched by surprise attacks from the British troops which made the Scottish troops pressed several times, and difficulties in supplying food for the troops as well as in terms of reinforcements. All of this discussion can be found in The Red Book Of Scotland which you can read.